The DSM-IV-TR is the present manual employed to diagnose mental well being issues. In that manual, there are 4 sorts of Bipolar identified. This post is a layperson's guide to symptoms. Try to remember that only certified experts can make a diagnosis. If you think you have Bipolar Disorder, it is finest to seek the assist of a skilled.
Prior to figuring out whether or not or not a Bipolar diagnosis is correct, you want to realize the symptoms. Bipolar Issues incorporate manic episodes, mixed episodes, and depressive episodes. A manic episode (named hypomanic if the symptoms are significantly less extreme) can incorporate elevated mood, pressured speech, irrational or impulsive behaviors, a decreased want for sleep, grandiosity, racing thoughts, flight of suggestions, distractibility, and doable delusions or hallucinations. Symptoms of depression may perhaps incorporate elevated or decreased want for sleep, elevated or decreased appetite, fatigue, low power, disinterest in pleasurable activities, feelings of helplessness or hopelessness, excessive guilt, irritability, depressed mood, difficulty concentrating, crying, and suicidal thoughts or attempts. A mixed episode happens when a individual experiences symptoms of each depression and mania at the very same time.
The 1st sort of Bipolar Disorder identified in the DSM-IV-TR is Bipolar I. In order to have Bipolar I, a individual have to have knowledgeable at least one particular manic or mixed episode and will normally have knowledgeable an episode(s) of depression as effectively.
Bipolar II disorder is characterized by episodes of depression and hypomania. Symptoms may perhaps final for a couple of days or a couple of months.
Cyclothymia is the third sort of Bipolar Disorder. It is offered to men and women who have significantly less extreme depressive and hypomanic episodes as lengthy as the symptoms negatively have an effect on the person's potential to function in operate, college, and social or household settings. The person with this disorder may perhaps have periods of time exactly where symptoms are not present.
Bipolar NOS (not otherwise specified) is offered to men and women who do not fall inside the distinct specifications for one particular of the other categories of Bipolar, but who are experiencing important sufficient symptoms to warrant the diagnosis of Bipolar.
There are specifiers that indicate points such as severity, whether or not or not psychosis is present, and how rapid a individual “cycles.” Fast cycling suggests that symptoms adjust rapidly, possibly inside the course of 24 hours.
Bipolar Issues are ordinarily diagnosed in men and women prior to the age of 30. If there is a household history of Bipolar Disorder, it increases the likelihood that you could have the disorder. If you think you may perhaps be suffering from symptoms of a Bipolar Disorder, there is remedy out there. Please study the second post in this series concerning remedy alternatives, Treating Bipolar Disorder.